I am a Cat (Chapter 5 b) Section 163 Study Guide

Practice text with full furigana

吾輩わがはいはまた少々しょうしょう休養きゅうようようする主人しゅじん多々良たたらくん上野うえの公園こうえんでどんな真似まねをして、芋坂いもざか団子だんご幾皿いくさらったそのへん逸事いつじ探偵たんてい必要ひつようもなし、また尾行びこうする勇気ゆうきもないからずっとりゃくしてそのあいだ休養せんければならん。休養は万物ばんぶつ旻天びんてんから要求ようきゅうしてしかるべき権利けんりである。この生息せいそくすべき義務ぎむゆうして蠢動しゅんどうするものは、生息の義務をはたために休養をねばならぬ。もしかみありてなんじはたらためにうまれたりために生れたるにあらわば吾輩はこれにこたえてわん、吾輩はおおのごとく働くために生れたりゆえ働くために休養をと。主人のごとく器械きかい不平ふへいんだまでの木強漢ぼくきょうかんですら、時々ときどき日曜にちよう以外いがい自弁じべん休養をやるではないか。多感多恨たかんたこんにして日夜にちや心神しんしんろうする吾輩ごとき者は仮令たといねこといえども主人以上いじょうに休養を要するは勿論もちろんことである。ただ先刻さっき多々良君が吾輩をもくして休養以外に何等なんらのうもない贅物ぜいぶつのごとくにののしったのは少々気掛きがかである。とかく物象ぶっしょうにのみ使役しえきせらるる俗人ぞくじんは、五感ごかん刺激しげき以外に何等の活動かつどうもないので、評価ひょうかするのでも形骸けいがい以外にわたらんのは厄介やっかいである。なんでもしりでも端折はしょってあせでもさないと働らいていないようにかんがえている。達磨だるまと云うぼうさんあしくさまで座禅ざぜんをしてましていたと云うが、仮令かべすきからつたんで大師だいし眼口めくちふさまで動かないにしろ、寝ているんでもんでいるんでもない。あたまなかつね活動して、廓然無聖かくねんむしょうなどとおつ理窟りくつかんがんでいる。儒家じゅかにも静坐せいざ工夫くふうと云うのがあるそうだ。これだって一室いっしつうち閉居へいきょして安閑あんかんいざり修行しゅぎょうをするのではない。脳中のうちゅう活力かつりょく人一倍ひといちばいさかんえている。ただ外見上がいけんじょう至極しごく沈静ちんせい端粛たんしゅくていであるから、天下てんか凡眼ぼんがんはこれらの知識ちしき巨匠きょしょうをもって昏睡こんすい仮死かし庸人ようじん見做みなして無用むよう長物ちょうぶつとか穀潰ごくつぶとからざる誹謗ひぼうこえてるのである。これらの凡眼はみんなかたちこころざる不具ふぐなる視覚しかくを有して生れついた者で、――しかも多々良たたら三平さんぺい君のごときは形を見て心を見ざる第一流だいいちりゅう人物じんぶつであるから、この三平君が吾輩を目して乾屎橛かんしけつ同等どうとう心得こころえのももっともだが、うらむらくはすこしく古今ここん書籍しょせきんで、やや事物じぶつ真相しんそうかいたる主人までが、浅薄せんぱくなる三平君にいちもなく同意どういして猫鍋ねこなべ故障こしょうさしはさ景色けしきのない事である。

Rough translation

I'm again in need of some rest. What the master and Tatara did in Ueno Park, or how many platefuls of dumplings they downed at Imozaka, hardly warrants investigation, and even if it did, I'm not so bold as to tail them. Accordingly, I'll leave off my narrative and catch some much-needed rest in their absence. The right to a rest is something which all creatures can duly demand of Heaven. We're compelled to eek out an existence in this world, but we must have rest in order to do so. The gods may well pronounce that we're born into this world for toil, not for slumber. Rightly so, I would tell them, but let me rest in order that I may toil. Does not even my master, a crank who propagates aggravation through extreme obstinance, forego a portion of his salary on occasion to miss a day of work? It naturally follows then that a highly sentient creature such as myself, who's mind is working day and night, requires rest all the more. The same precepts apply to cats and humans alike. It concerns me that Tatara would speak ill of me, calling me out as a good-for-nothing creature of leisure. It's a sorry state of affairs, but the common man interfaces solely with the material world, with things he can see, feel, and touch, and these tangible forms alone are the basis for his judgment of others. In his eyes, work means tucking up one's skirts and breaking a sweat. They say that the monk Bodhidharma sat at length in meditation, caring not when his legs atrophied. Whether the great teacher was enduring the loss of his legs, or whether vines emerged from cracks in the wall to grow over his mouth and eyes, in either case, he was neither asleep nor dead. His mind was at work, evolving singular thoughts, comprehending, for example, the oneness of enlightened and unenlightened. The Confuscianists, too, pursue their paths through quiet contemplation. They may not go so far as to shut themselves in a room and come out crippled, but they hone their minds to heightened awareness. On the outside, though, all is still and solemn. The layman is wont to censure such towering intellectuals, viewing them as common dullards and berating them as useless deadwood or good-for-nothing idlers. The layman's eye, oblivious to its own deficiency, sees form but knows not spirit -- Tatara Sanpei is a prime example of such superficial reckoning. Little wonder, then, that he regards me as nothing better than dry dung. It's most regrettable, on the other hand, that my master, who reads widely and seeks to comprehend the ways of this world, should voice no objection to his superficial companion's proposal to stew and eat me.

Vocabulary

吾輩わがはい I; me; myself少々しょうしょう a little; a bit休養きゅうよう rest; respiteようする require; need主人しゅじん master多々良たたら Tatara (name)くん (suffix of familiarity for males)上野うえの公園こうえん Ueno Park真似まね actions; behavior; carrying on芋坂いもざか Imozaka (place name)団子だんご dumplings幾皿いくさら how many platefulsった ate; consumedそのへんの concerning that; related to that逸事いつじ anecdotes; narrative探偵たんてい detective work; sleuthing必要ひつよう necessity; need尾行びこうする tail; follow after勇気ゆうき boldness; nerveりゃくして abbreviate; omitそのあいだ in the interim万物ばんぶつ all things; all of creation旻天びんてん the Heavens要求ようきゅうして demand; call forしかるべき proper; appropriate; due権利けんり right; privilegeこの this world生息せいそくすべき must live; must get by義務ぎむ duty; obligationゆうして have; possess蠢動しゅんどうする wriggle; maneuver; operateもの thingsはたす fulfill; perform; carry outねばならぬ must obtain; have to secureかみ God; godsなんじ thou; youはたらく work; labor; toilうまれたり be bornる rest; sleepあらず (arch) it is not soわば say; pronounceこたえてわん would like to answer ...おおせ command; wishes (of a superior)ゆえに because of; due toう beg; ask; request器械きかい machine; apparatus不平ふへい discontent; grievancesんだ blew into; brought down on木強漢ぼくきょうかん stubborn crank; curmudgeon時々ときどきは from time to time; on occasion日曜にちよう Sunday以外いがい outside of; apart from自弁じべん at one's own expense多感多恨たかんたこん sentimental; highly sentient日夜にちや day and night; round the clock; constantly心神しんしん mindろうする put to work; task仮令たとい even if; althoughねこ cat以上いじょう more than勿論もちろんこと clear; plain; evident先刻さっき earlier; beforeもくして eye; regard; turn one's attention to何等なんらの (no) manner ofのう faculty; ability; function贅物ぜいぶつ creature of leisureののしった spoke ill of; bad-mouthed気掛きがかり worry; concernとかく apt to; tending to物象ぶっしょう natural phenomena; the material world使役しえきせらるる be employed; be set to work (on) (= 使役しえきせられる)俗人ぞくじん common person; layperson五感ごかん the five senses刺激しげき stimulus; excitation活動かつどう activity; action other things; others評価ひょうかする evaluate; assess形骸けいがい framework; form and structureわたらん not extend (to)厄介やっかい bother; worry; burdenなんでも (in) anything and everythingしりでも端折はしょって tuck up (one's skirts)あせ perspiration; sweatさない not put forthかんがえて consider; think達磨だるま Daruma; Bodhidharmaぼうさん Buddhist priest; monkあし legsくさる fester; atrophy座禅ざぜん zazen (seated Zen meditation)ましていた was unruffled; was unconcernedかべ wallすき gap; fissure; crackつた ivyんで creep in大師だいし (Buddhist) great teacher眼口めくち eyes and mouthふさぐ block; obstruct; close upんでいる be deadあたま head; mindなか inside; withinつねに always; at all times廓然無聖かくねんむしょう enlightened and unenlightened are one and the sameおつな curious; odd; singular理窟りくつ theory; reasoningかんがんで think about; dwell on儒家じゅか Confucianists静坐せいざ sitting calmly and quietly (in order to meditate)工夫くふう dedication to spiritual improvement (especially through Zen meditation)一室いっしつ one roomうち inside; within閉居へいきょして shut (oneself) inside; live in confinement安閑あんかんと in idleness; with folded armsいざり shuffling oneself on one's knees修行しゅぎょう (Buddhist) ascetic practices; disciplinary training脳中のうちゅう within one's mind活力かつりょく vitality; energy人一倍ひといちばい much more than othersさかんに fervently; warmly; enthusiastically (usually さかんに)えて burn; blaze外見上がいけんじょう to external appearance; on the outside至極しごく extremely; exceedingly沈静ちんせい端粛たんしゅく still and solemnてい appearance; condition; state天下てんか under Heaven; the whole world; all the land凡眼ぼんがん layman's eyes; unpractised eyes知識ちしき knowledge; learning; intellect巨匠きょしょう giant (in one's field); master昏睡こんすい仮死かし dead stupor庸人ようじん common man見做みなして view as; regard as無用むよう長物ちょうぶつ useless object; deadwood穀潰ごくつぶし good-for-nothing; loafer; idlerらざる unneeded; superfluous (usually らざる)誹謗ひぼう slander; abuseこえ voicesてる put up; raiseみんな all; everyoneかたち appearance; formて look at; regardこころ heart; spiritざる not look at; not regard不具ふぐなる defective; deficient; flawed視覚しかく sense of sight; visual facultyの that ...; a certain ...多々良たたら三平さんぺい Tatara Sanpei第一流だいいちりゅう first-class人物じんぶつ person; personage; character乾屎橛かんしけつ dried-out turd同等どうとう equal; equivalent心得こころえる regard as; take forうらむらくは I regret that; it pains me thatすこしく somewhat; to some extent古今ここんの past and present; classical and modern書籍しょせき books; writingsんで read事物じぶつ things; affairs真相しんそう truth; essenceかいたる (manage to) understand; comprehend浅薄せんぱくなる shallow; superficialいちもなく unhesitatingly; unwaveringly同意どういして agree with; fall in with猫鍋ねこなべ cat stew故障こしょう objection; protestさしはさむ insert; interject景色けしき sign; indication